French WineHe who loves not wine, women and song remains a fool his whole life long. - Johann Heinrich Voss
Home Wine Tasting Wine Tasting Terms Food & Wine Wine Glossary Wine Facts Wine Quotes Wine in Our Culture
spc Bd 1 Bd 3
Share This Page

French Wine


French Wine

Wine making in France dates back to pre-Roman times. Also it was the Romans who disiminated the culture of the wine and the practice of winemaking throughout the country.

The range, quality and reputation of the fine wines of Bordeaux, Burgundy, the Rhone, and Champagne in particular have made them role models the world over.

France 's everyday wines can be highly enjoyable too, with plenty of good value wines now emerging from the southern regions.

Each of ten principal wine producing regions has its own identity, based on grape varieties and terroir. Appelation controlée laws guarantee a wine's origins and style.

The main wine areas are :

  • Alsace
  • Bordeaux
  • Burgundy
  • Beaujolais & Cotes du rhone
  • Champagne
  • Loire valley
  • Cotes de Provence

Bordeaux - An exhaustive subject

Nestled along the western coast of France, Bordeaux is lush with 2.3 million about 40 different wine regions, the four major ones are:

  • Pomerol
  • Graves and Pessac-Leognan
  • St.-Emilion
  • Medoc

The Medoc region is also broken down into four important inner appellations: St.-Estephe, Paulliac, St.-Julien and Margaux.

Bordeaux is unusual in that its wines are created by blending different grapes. Other regions, such as Chablis or Beaujolais, use 100 percent of one varietal. The red wines of Bordeaux rely primarily on three grapes:

  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Cabernet Franc
  • Merlot

Bordeaux is the largest wine region in the world. It's also no doubt the most famous. It produces more of the world's fine wine than any other, and they have been a benchmark for others to follow.

Although Bordeaux is predominantly a red wine region, it also produces some of the world's finest white wines — like the dry whites from Graves and the sweet wines from Sauternes. No two wines are alike, yet they all possess qualities that make them Bordeaux.

Half way between the North Pole and the equator, the Bordeaux has a climate that is especially conductive to wine growing. The influence of the Gulf Stream, the protective effect of the immense Landes forest against the winds off the Atlantic, plus the presence of large bodies of water ( estuary and rivers ) work together to avoid excessive temperatures in both summer and winter.

Vineyards are ideally suited to producing fine red wines are located on a great variety of soils and sub-soils. Gravelly soil is the specialty of the Garonne River's left bank. The right bank vineyards are composed of soil that is more a mixture of clay and limestone, or clay and sand. The triple alliance of soil, sub-soil and climate explains the amazing diversity and individual character of Bordeaux vineyards.

The well-balanced nature of clarets (another name for red Bordeaux ) comes from the subtle blend of several grape varieties. Merlot is an early-ripening variety that contributes a spicy, fruity aroma as well as roundness and softness. Cabernet Sauvignon, which ripens later, is deeply colored and aromatic. Its tannin gives wines a remarkable ageing potential. Cabernet Franc confers a very elegant bouquet. Petit Verdot and Malbec are also used, but to a lesser degree.

The aim of good winemaking in Bordeaux is to extract pigments and tannin contained in grape skins and produce wines that combine finesse and ageing potential.

The 57 appellations of Bordeaux are not classified in a single official ranking. But the Médoc, Sauternes and Barsac, Graves, and Saint-Emilion districts do have their own official internal classification systems. Pomerol, one of Bordeaux's greatest assets, was not included in the 1855 Classification, and remains unclassified to this day. However, Chateau Pétrus is often included with the First Growths (Premiers Crus) of the 1855 Classification.

Vineyard area : 82,495 hectares ( 203,845 acres).

Grape varieties : 54% Merlot, 30% Cabernet Sauvignon and 16% Cabernet Franc.

Annual average production : 575,000,000 bottles of which 32% are exported.


Describing Wine How To Buy Wine Online About Fine Wine Auctions Wine Rating
Champagne Beaujolais Wine Table vs Fortified Vintage Wine Chart
Wine Making Wine Grape Varieties
Storing Wine Wine Bottles Wine Labels Wine Glasses
Old vs New World Wine 1855 Classification Wine Countries The Wine Pact More About Wine

Play a Game

The Katuri have smashed through the frontier and Apocalypse Outpost is the sole remaining outpost standing in their way.
Outpost Game

Go To Related Links Find The Site Map Send This To A Friend Send Us Your Comments Link To Our Site

Other Links

Report A Broken Link To Us Contact Information

Here are some useful suggestions when choosing baby boy names or baby girl names. Find lists of baby names and their meanings, from unique baby names to the most popular names.

Wine Racks America

We have your free diet plan. If you're looking for a low carb diet, a cabbage soup diet, a grapefruit diet, a raw food diet, a high protein diet, a soup diet or a cabbage diet, see us.

Not all debt consolidation programs are legitimate. Learn how to find a good one.

Site Map | Terms of Use | Privacy & Security | Contact Us | Purchase Agreement | Send Feedback
Here is all the information you need before you buy wine online.
All there is to know about food and wine, wine storage, wine tasting and more.

© 1996-2005 by All Rights Reserved.